Sustainable Development of Ecotourism in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiyari Province, Iran, a Scenario Study

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Environment, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Prof. Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, College of agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran

Abstract

Due to people's searching for a unique new destination to pass their holidays and release for a while, the province of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiyari in Iran is one of the top touristic destinations in which a combination of huge natural beauty and rich history due to the nomadic lifestyle has made this province as a potential region for eco-tourism development. In this study based on the current situation of the area, four scenarios' development has been provided for the future development of eco-tourism market in this region. These scenarios have been provided based on 22 in-depth interviews with main stakeholders of ecotourism market of the region. International resort, nomadic resort, eco-cultural resort and exclusive resort are four different future scenarios for the region as a result of the research. Each has separate strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Consequently, it has been discussed that a combination of all four scenarios and using the best future action plans of all the scenarios will be a suitable plan for the eco-tourism sustainable development of this province in future.

Keywords


Badarch, L. (2015), Current situation of Mongolian Tourism and hotel industry, IFEAMA SPSCP, Vol.5, 181-189

Becker, H.A. & Van Doorn, J.W.M. (1987). Scenarios in an Organizational Perspective. Futures, 19 (6). 669-677.

Dammers, E. (2000). Learning from the future; about the role of scenarios in strategic policy-making, Eburon, Delft.

Ebrahimi, F. (2006). Analysis of Tourism Potentials in Chaharmahal & Bakhtiyari Province, First National Conference of Water, Society, Environment; Challenges and Solutions, Tehran

Engar, A., Sandvik, K. Eversen, E.K. (2014), Developing scenarios for the Norwegian travel industry 2025, Journal of Tourism Futures, Vol. 1, NO. 1, 4-17

Fallahi, P. (2005). “Virtual Collaboration: Learning from Multiple Perspectives”; Lonely planet’s guide to Iran, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, School of Business, The George Washington Univ. Available from; http://www.american.edu/ted/iran-tour.htm (Accessed Oct. 20, 2005).

Lanquar, R. (2011), Tourism in the Mediterranean: Scenarios up to 2030, MEDPRO Report No. 1/July 2011- (updated May 2013); Available for free downloading from the MEDPRO (www.medpro-foresight.eu) and CEPS (www.ceps.eu) websites.

Maurits K., Rumfaker S., Ibrahim, M.A. (2016), Partnership in Tourism Management Area Dampir Strait Raja Ampat, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 6, Issue 1,537-541

National Statistic Centre, (2001), The General Housing and Population Census, Tehran

Samirkas, M., Samirkas, M.C. (2016), The Impact of Exchange Rate on Tourism Industry: The Case of Turkey, Chapter 54 from; International Business: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications; Available from: https://www.igi-global.com

Sánchez, A., Álvarez-García, J., Río-Rama, M., Oliveira, C., (2018), Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage: Bibliometric Overview, Journal of Religions, 2018, 9, 249, 1-15

Statistical Year Book, Ch.M.B, the Statistics and Information Associate, Iran. (2004).

Tribe, J. (1997). The Indiscipline of Tourism, In: Annals of Tourism Research 24 (3). 638-657.

Taghvai, M. Hosseinekhah, H. (2018), Tourism Development Planning Based on Futures Studies and Scenario Case Study: Yasouj, Journal of Tourism Planning and Development Vol.6, No.23,4-6

Van Doorn, J. W. M. (1986). Scenario Writing; A method for long-term tourism forecasting. Tourism Management 7(1): 33-49.

Wack, P. (1985). Scenario’s shooting the Rapids; how medium-term analysis illuminated the power of scenarios for shell management. Harward business review, 44 (1966): 139-150